Early Islamic scholars


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The scholars appearing in the diagram below were Muhammad's companions or taught by Muhammad's companions, many of whom settled in Madina

Muhammad (570-632) prepared the Constitution of Medina, taught the Quran, and advised his companions[24]
`Abd Allah bin Masud (Died 650) taught Ali (607-661) fourth caliph taught Aisha Muhammad's wife and first caliphs daughter taught `Abd Allah ibn `Abbas (618-736) taught Zaid bin Thabit (610-660) taught Umar (579-644) second caliph taught Abu Hurairah (603 - 681) taught
Alqama ibn Qays (died 681) taught
Hussein ibn Ali (626-680) taught Qasim ibn Muhammad ibn Abu Bakr (657-725) taught and raised by Aisha Urwah ibn Zubayr (died 713) taught by Aisha, he then taught Said ibn al-Musayyib (637-715) taught Abdullah ibn Umar (614-693) taught Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr (624-692) taught by Aisha, he then taught
Ibrahim al-Nakha′i taught
Ali ibn al-Husayn Zayn al-Abidin (659-712) taught
Hisham ibn Urwah (667-772) taught Ibn Shihab al-Zuhri (died 741) taught Salim ibn Abd-Allah ibn Umar taught Umar ibn Abdul Aziz (682-720) raised and taught by Abdullah ibn Umar
Hammad bin ibi Sulman taught
Muhammad al Baqir (676-733) taught Farwah bint al-Qasim Abu Bakr's great grand daughter Jafar's mother
Abu Hanifa (699 - 767) wrote Al Fiqh Al Akbar [25] and Kitab Al-Athar, jurisprudence followed by Sunni, Sufi, Barelvi, Deobandi, Zaidiyyah Shia and originally by the Fatimid and taught Zayd ibn Ali (695-740) Ja'far al-Sadiq (702-765) Ali's and Abu Bakr's great great grand son taught Malik ibn Anas (711 - 795) wrote Muwatta[26], jurisprudence from early Madina period now mostly followed by Sunni in Africa and taught
Al-Waqidi (748 - 822) wrote history books like Kitab al-Tarikh wa al-Maghazi, student of Malik ibn Anas Abu Muhammad Abdullah ibn Abdul Hakam (died 829) wrote biographies and history books, student of Malik ibn Anas
Abu Yusuf (729-798) wrote Usul al-fiqh Muhammad al-Shaybani (749-805)
Al-Shafi′i (767-820) wrote Al-Risala (book), jurisprudence followed by Sunni and taught Ismail ibn Ibrahim
Ali ibn al-Madini (778-849) wrote The Book of Knowledge of the Companions
Ibn Hisham (died 833) wrote early history and As-Sirah an-Nabawiyyah, Muhammad's biography
Isma'il ibn Jafar (719-775) Musa al-Kadhim (745-799)
Ahmad ibn Hanbal (780-855) wrote Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal jurisprudence followed by Sunni and hadith books Muhammad al-Bukhari (810-870) wrote Sahih al-Bukhari hadith books[27] Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj (815-875) wrote Sahih Muslim hadith books[28] Muhammad ibn `Isa at-Tirmidhi (824-892) wrote Jami` at-Tirmidhi hadith books[29] Al-Baladhuri (died 892) wrote early history Futuh al-Buldan, Genealogies of the Nobles
Ibn Majah (824- 887) wrote Sunan ibn Majah hadith book
Abu Dawood (817-889) wrote Sunan Abu Dawood Hadith Book
Muhammad ibn Ya'qub al-Kulayni (864- 941) wrote Kitab al-Kafi hadith book followed by Twelved Shia
Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari (838-923) wrote History of the Prophets and Kings, Tafsir al-Tabari
Abu al-Hasan al-Ash'ari (874-936) wrote Maqālāt al-islāmīyīn, Kitāb al-luma, Kitāb al-ibāna 'an usūl al-diyāna
Ibn Babawayh (923-991) wrote Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih jurisprudence followed by twelver Shia
Sharif Razi (930-977) wrote Nahj al-Balagha followed by Twelver Shia
Nasir al-Din al-Tusi (1201-1274) wrote jurisprudence books followed by Ismaili and Twelver Shia
Al-Ghazali (1058-1111) wrote The Niche for Lights,[30][31] The Incoherence of the Philosophers, The Alchemy of Happiness on Sufism
Rumi (1207-1273) wrote Masnavi, Diwan-e Shams-e Tabrizi on Sufism
KEY: Some Of Muhammad's Companions KEY: Taught in Madina KEY: Taught in Iraq KEY: Worked in Syria KEY: Travelled Extensively Collecting The Sayings Of Muhammad And Wrote Hadith Books KEY: Worked in Iran