Islam A-Z (T)

Sami Yusuf - 99 Names of Allah (Sifatlari)


Taabieen | Tabe-Tabieen | Tafseer | Tahaarah | Taqleed | Taqwa | Tariqat | Tasawwuf | Tawaaf | Taweez | Tayammum | Tazkiyah | Television | Testament | Thawaab | Time | Tirmidhi | Tradition | Translation | Treaties, Wars and Amnesties | Trust | Truth |



A Muslim who had not seen Prophet Muhammad himself but had seen at least one of his Sahaabah (Companions) and practised Islam in accordance with the Quran and blessed Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad and passed away in such a state is called a Taabi′ee (plural Taabieen). Those who did not see any of the Sahaabah but did at least see one of the Taabieen and practised Islam in accordance with the Quran and the blessed Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad and passed away in such a state are called the Tabe-Tabieen.

Also referred to as: Tabi'i, (Singular) Tabi'un (plural)



A Muslim who had not seen any of the Sahaabah (Companions) of Prophet Muhammad but did at least see one of the Taabieen and practised Islam in accordance with the Quran and the blessed Sunnah of Prophet Muhammad and passed away in such a state are called the Tabe-Tabieen.

Also referred to as: Taba al-Tabi'in



Commentaries are written for many books including books of Ahadeeth, Jurisprudence, Logic, etc. However if the commentary is of the Holy Quran the word Tafseer is specifically used. Tafseer can be in many languages but are most commonly found in Arabic, Farsi (Persian), Urdu, English or French. They are available in the form of Books, Audio CDs and Software for the Web, PC some of which also include Audio Translations and Tafseers. The authors of the Tafseer are called Mufassireen.

Also referred to as: Commentary



In Islam Tahaarah (cleanliness) is part of faith; Acts of worship mandate cleanliness as a pre-requisite. A Muslim is required to be in a state of cleanliness practically all the time. Cleanliness comes in two states, physical cleanliness and ritual cleanliness. For both states there are methods of purification and things that nullify cleanliness. Rules relate not only to the body but also clothing, bedding, etc. For example there are specific rules and methods related to cleaning oneself after Istinja (urinating, passing stool) and coming into contact with Najasa (alcohol, excreta, droppings, blood, vomit, semen, etc). Similarly rules also apply to objects that have come into contact with najasa. Under certain exceptional conditions under the rules of Tayammum cleanliness may be achieved without the use of water where water would normally be used. Ritual purification involves Ghusl (Bath) or Wudhu (Ablution). Tahaarah covers the following:

Su′r (Remnant Water)
Wudu′ (Ablution)
Ghusl (Bathing)
Removal of hair under armpits and pubic hair
Tayammum (Dry Ablution)
Mash` over the Khuffayn
Menstruation, Postnatal Bleeding and Irregular Vaginal Bleeding
Method of Becoming Pure
Najasa and the Method of Purification from it
Tanning the Hide

Also referred to as: cleanliness, At-Tahoor, cleaning, cleanse, purify, paaki, tahir.



The acceptance of a statement of a person without demanding proof or evidence on the belief that the statement is being made in accordance with fact and proof is called Taqleed or, for the purist, Taqleed-ush-shakhsi.

The faculty of Taqleed is inherently existent in us all. If we had refrained from the Taqleed of our parents and teachers then today we would have been deprived of even the basic and preliminary needs of humanity. Taqleed was prevalent from the glorious time of Rasulullah sallallahu alaihe wasallam who granted the people of Yemen the right and permission to refer to Hazrat Mu-aadh radiyallahu anhu in all affairs of Deen

Taqleed is wajib (wujoob bil ghair means compulsory by virtue of an external factor). In the absence of Taqleed-us-Shakhsi, great harm, mischief, disruption and corruption will reign in the Deen. One of the destructive evils is self-appointed Mujtahids who misguide others. Another harm is that one who discards taqleed will, in the case of difficult Masa′il, accept the verdict of any authority leaving him vulnerable to his Nafs (Self) Adoption of different verdicts leads to anarchy. It is therefore imperative to make Taqleed of one of the four Madhabs (Hanafi, Shaafi, Maliki and Hanbali Schools of Thought). Those that don't are called Ghair-Muqallid who sometimes ironically and incorrectly call themselves Salafi (those that follow the pious predecessors)

Also referred to as: Taqleed-ush-shakhsi, Following of a Madhab.



Taqwa is the condition of the heart (fear), which arises as a result of thinking of something reprehensible and the fear of it materializing as punishement from Allah for sin(s) committed. This fear is thus incumbent for every Muslim to prevent the possibility of one committing voluntarily an act of disobedience in the future and also to be mindful of sins committed and sincerely asking those that we have wronged and Allah for forgiveness. Allah has combined the noble attributes of Hidaa'yat (guidance from Allah), Rahmat (mercy), ilm (knowledge) and Ridhaa (contentment) for those who are imbued with the fear of Allah.

On the Day of Qiyamat, Allah Ta'ala will proclaim to the angels to remove from Hell anyone who had at any time or occasion feared Allah.

Also referred to as: Khauf, Godfearing, Taqwah, Fear



The art of worshipping Allah as if you are looking upon Him.

Also referred to as: Tasawwuf, Ihsan, Salook, Sulook, Tariqah, Tareeqat, Tareeqet.



The creation of a strong consciousness of Allah. A consciousness so strong and vivid as if one had actually seen Him, sweeping aside every trace of doubt and uncertainty. When this consciousness becomes complete, it creates a bond of loyalty with Allah, that fills the heart with His remembrance, His love and His intense awareness of His might. It becomes the essence, the ruling spirit of one′s existence, of all of one′s thoughts, actions, in prayer, morality, social behaviour, monetary dealings and so forth. All that one does is then inspired, governed and regulated by this all-embracing faith and overpowering realisation. One′s external life is completely pervaded by this internal feeling.

The Holy Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him said, "Ihsaan means to worship Allah as if one is actually seeing Him or being seen by Him."

Taswwuf is a branch of Faith.

Also referred to as: Ihsaan, Ihsan, Tasawuf, Tasavvuf, Tazkiyah, Sufism, Tariqat



Tawaaf is a form of Ibaadah (worship) which includes intention and circumambulation (circuit walking anti-clockwise around the Kaaba in Makkah) 7 times starting from the Hajre-Aswad (black-stone) corner of the Kaaba performing Istilaam at the beginning circuit, in between circuits and at the end of the last circuit.

Tawaaf-e-ziyaarah is the obligatory circumambulation of the Holy Ka`ba after throwing the pebbles at the jamarat in Hajj. Sometimes it is called tawaf al-ifada.

Also referred to as: Tawaf



The Qur'an and the Sunnah of the Prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him is a medicine and cure for all spiritual and physical illnesses. A person should try to be punctual in reciting the prayers taught by the prophet May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him in order to be protected from evil. If someone cannot read or is too young, then it is better to write the verse and wear it as a Taweez. It is permissible to write a portion from Allah′s Book for the distressed and other types of illnesses with appropriate ink and to wash it and consume it.

The majority of the scholars say that Taweez is permissible with three strict conditions. Although they all accept that it is preferred not to use it and only restricted it to the Duas which are proven from Hadeeth, as it is a sign of complete Tawakkul. The three conditions are:

That there is not any word of Kufr or names of Jinns in it.
It should be in a recognised language.
One shouldn't believe that the Taweez itself does the cure but through the blessing of Allah's name, Allah is the only one who cures.

Also referred to as Tawiz, Ruqya, Talisman, Charms, Warding, Wazeefah, Taweezat.



In Islam cleanliness is part of faith; Acts of worship mandate cleanliness as a pre-requisite. A Muslim is required to be in a state of cleanliness practically all the time. Cleanliness comes in two states, physical cleanliness and ritual cleanliness; both involve the use of water, however under certain exceptional circumstances the rules of Tayammum may be used to achieve cleanliness without the use of water where water would normally be used. Specific rules govern validity, method and expiry of Tayammum. Ritual purification involves Ghusl (Bath) or Wudhu (Ablution).

Also referred to as: Dry Ablution, Tayamum, Tayummum, Tayammoom.



The process of purifying the Nafs (Inner-Self) from detrimental/bad attributes is called Tazkiyah-e-Nafs. These internal attributes are:

Hirs (Greed)
Tam'a (Coveting Desire),
Toolul amal (greed of longer desires),
Ghussah (Anger),
Daroogh (Falsehood),
Gheebat (Backbiting),
Hasad (Jealousy, Envy),v Bukhl (Miserliness, Stinginess),
Riyaa (Show),
Ujb (Vanity),
Kibr (Self-Importance),
Hiqd (Malice, Avarice),
Hubb-e-Maal (Love for Wealth),
Hubb-e-Jaah (Love for Fame),
Hubb-e-Dunya (Love for the World).

In this regard, Allah Ta'ala said "He who has made purified his nafs (Tazkiyah) , verily, he has attained success."

Also referred to as: Tazkia.



The television is an instrument that plays pictures in motion and sound. Pictures of animate objects is Haraam and its severity is multiplied since the object is made to seem animate by 30 picture frames per second. The impermissibility of television is aggravated by the factors and effects mentioned below:

Immorality - nudity, etc.
Agent of Zinaa (Adultery and Fornication)
Negation of Hayaa (shame)
Wasting time
Interferes with one′s religious duties .
Diverts one′s attention from the Remembrance of Allah
Falls under the category described by Islam as lahw (impermissible amusement and entertainment)

In addition to the above it is the effects of the television that take our children on the path of drugs, alcohol, fornication, disrespect, confrontation, modernism and many other evils that are apparent in our society today. Know that these evils are often a result of watching and learning from television. Television is thus being used by some to induce crime and evil within the community. It is not just an instrument of entertainment, but a tool used to reshape and alter one's thoughts and beliefs by stealth.

Also referred to as: TV, television set; small screen, big screen, telly, the box, the tube, cable and satellite, movies, cinema



In Islam there are specific inheritance rules which automatically protect the rights of family. It is important that a legal Islamic Will is kept so that inheritance can be applied islamically without authorities applying default state legislation and that any remaining Islamic rights can be recompensed.

Also referred to as: Will, Inheritance, Wasiyyat, Legacy.



Thawaab is a unit measure for reward. The better the good deed the greater number of thawaab. One the day of Judgement one's account of thawaab will be compared against one's sins. Allah is so merciful that He has commanded the Angels (Kiraamun-Kaatibeen) to multiply the Thawaab for a good deed 10 times merely on the intention to do a good deed, whilst only recording a single Zhamb for each actual occurrence of a sin and even then only recorded if the sin is not repented for immediately and forgiven. A person can receive multiple thawaab for certain deeds even after one's death. For example the deed of contributing to a good cause such as a masjid or public water well will result in thawaab continuing to be credited to the account of the deceased as long as the masjid or water well is being used/available. Likewise the sponsoring of students of islamic studies by way of teaching, books, facilities, etc will result in thawaab continuing. As long as the knowledge is being taught, re-taught, practiced or benefiting someone the indirect thawaab will continue even where this is due to deeds occurring generations down the line. The thawaab of certain deeds can also be transferred to the account of others, for example where the thawaab of the recitation of part or the whole of the Quran is given by making dua to Allah to send its blessings to the deceased. The thawaab for good deeds of a person are also additionally copied for the person's parents due to them begetting the person.

Also referred to as: Sawab, Naiky, Neki



Time in Islam is of temporary duration for the life of this world wheras it is of eternal duration in the Hereafter. The concept of time is unfortunately often misunderstood and limited by our transient world convention. Time as a concept has been created and is controlled by Allah. We need to understand the significance of each moment and utilise all the time that we have in this world in preparation for the Hereafter.



A name of an authentic book of Hadeeth named after the compiler Imaam Tirmidhi (May all bless him)

Also referred to as: Tirmizi



Often used to refer to the actions, practice or sayings of Prophet Muhammad May Allah's peace and blessings be upon him



The Quran and Ahadeeth are in Arabic. Many Arabic books collate hadeeth into volumes. Numerous commentaries have been written in Arabic on the Quran and Ahadeeth. The Quran, Ahadeeth and the commentaries have all been translated into other languages including English. Translations are available in the form of Books, Audio CDs and Software for the Web, PC and Mobile Devices many of which also include Audio Translations and Tafseer

Also referred to as: Tarjumah, Turjumah


Treaties, Wars and Amnesties

As the numbers of Muslims grew many treaties were in place to protect muslims and their allies from being attacked or persecuted. Unfortunately many kuffar were treacherous and broke their side of the treaties resulting in expulsion, wars and expeditions in retalliation to hostilities. In one of the biggest battles prisoners were so well treated by the Muslims that they clothed them and shared bread which forms the best part of their meals with them whilst they had none forthemselves. A prisoner in later days remarked:

'Blessing be on the men of Madinah. They gave us wheaten bread to eat when there was little of it; contending themselves with dates'. This was a tribute to the preaching of Rasulullah (peace and blessing be upon him)'s tolerance towards his fellow men.



Allah Taa'la instructed us to put our trust in Him. Allah has instructed us to fulfil our pledges, our promises and our commitments. Anytime we make a promise, we have to fulfil it in order to be considered among the believers.

Our beloved Prophet Muhammad May Allah send peace and blessings upon him was called Al-Amin: The trustworthy person. He fulfilled all his promises from his childhood until his death. He never betrayed anyone; he never lied in his life. He was the best example to mankind. The Prophet May Allah send peace and blessings upon him said:

“There is no faith for the one who has no trust, and there is no religion for the one who does not fulfil his promises.”

Those entrusted with an entity as Trust must ensure that the entity survives as intended and the trust is not breached.

Also referred to as: Tawakkul, Amaanat, Amaanah, Custody, Guardianship, Trusteeship, Fiduciary, Promise, Covenant, One's Word, Assurance, Pledge, Vow, Guarantee, Oath, Bond, Undertaking, Agreement, Commitment, Contract.



One should always speak the truth and never lie.

It very important to convey the truth; The Prophet Muhammad May Allah send peace and blessings upon him said: “Whoever among you witnesses a bad thing, it is necessary for him to bring that to a halt with his hands, and if he does not have the potential for that; then he should stop him through his tongue, And if he does not have the ability to stop that with his tongue, then by his heart; he should think bad of this sin and that is the lowest level of Imaan.”

A person should reject evil internally and externally (Physically) whilst being fully defiant in the face of skewed criticism and fully resistant in the face of temptation and seduction. One must ensure actions are not unlawful.