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Islam A-Z (R)





Esmaul Husna, 99 Names of Allah, 99 Namen Allahs



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Rabi-ul-Awwal | Rabi-ul-Akhir | Racism | Rajab | Ramadhaan | Rasul | Recitation | Recreation | Repentance | Respect | Revelation | Reversion | Rights | Ruh |





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Rabi-ul-Awwal


The 3rd month in the Islamic calendar.

Also referred to as: Rabiul Awwal, Rabial Awwal, Rabyal Awwal


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Rabi-ul-Akhir


The 4th month in the Islamic calendar.

Also referred to as: Rabiul Aakir, Rabial Aakher, Rabyal Aakir


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Racism


Racism whether open or hidden, is an evil aspect of life which Islams seeks to eradicate. It is clear from the verses of the Quran; the book of the muslims, and many sayings of The Final Prophet May Allah send peace and blessings upon him which have been narrated by his companions, that differences in colour, tribes, races, or traditions are not to be excuses for unjust behaviour or treatment. The Quran rehearses the words of the Almighty Allah which reasons against racial discrimination and puts an end to it.

"O Mankind, we created you from a single pair of a male and a female, and made you in to tribes and nations so that you may know each other (not that you despise each other). Verily, the most honoured of you in the sight of Allah is he who is most righteous of you." (Al-Quran, Chapter 49, Verse 13)

Allah explains the reason behind why he created mankind and then put them in to alternative tribes and nations. It is made clear and all doubts are seized when the most merciful Allah states: "that you may know each other". Without distinguishable recognistion (e.g. clones) life would be very difficult. Some cultures have occupational or hereditary caste systems, such systems institutionalise the sin of pride, stagnate community development by class and are against the basic islamic principle of equality

Also referred to as: Islamaphobia, Taassub, Anti-Semitism, Neo-Nazi, Extremism, Fascism


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Rajab

The 7th month in the Islamic calendar.

Also referred to as: Rajjab, Rajub


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Ramadhaan

The 9th month in the Islamic calendar. It is the month of fasting.

Also referred to as: Ramadhan, Ramazan, Ramzan


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Rasul


The word Rasul is synonymous with the word Prophet

Also referred to as: Rasool, Apostle


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Recitation

Recitation is the reading of text in an eloquent manner. The word recitation is often synonymous with praying/reading the Quran..The correct recitation of the Qur′an is maintained through the ′Qur'aa′ who teach its correct pronunciation. We must bear in mind that the true Arabic recitation is an obligation and the Qur′an must be recited in the manner that it was revealed. Pronunciation is paramount because without it listeners would hear different words and thus different messages. An English example would be the words Quill and Kill, if the letter Q is pronounced like the letter K then the meaning is very different.

Recitals sometimes refers to the reading aloud of poetry.

Also referred to as: Qiraat, Qirat, Tilawat, Tilaawat


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Recreation


Many activities (e.g. football, swimming, riding) can be beneficial however all activites must be conducted in a manner that is not unislamic particularly where they overlap entertainment games


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Repentance


All children are born sinless. When a person who has reached the age of puberty commits a sin then they must repent. Repentance has a status that no other form of worship has. This is why Allah is extremely happy when a servant repents just as a traveller is happy when he finds his lost mount in the desert.

Repentance breeds good deeds, whilst sinning (without repentance) can cause deprivation of obedience altogether. It has been said that committing sins regularly will darken and harden the heart. It may even lead a person to reject Allah completely (Allah forbid) or lead him to commit a bigger sin. There is no recourse for a sinner except to ask Allah for forgiveness and to feel serious regret for his actions

Also referred to as: Tauba, Maafi, Istigfaar, Towbaa.


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Respect


In Islam respect is a common theme. This includes respecting knowledge and the means by which it is attained, i.e. Parents, Teachers, Books, etc.

The Prophet Muhammad May Allah′s peace and blessings be upon him was once seated when he stood up seeing a kaafir′s (non-believer′s) corpse being taken for burial. He did this out if respect for a fellow human being.

Respecting The Quran and Hadeeth is particularly emphasised; requiring a state of physical and ritual cleanliness, i.e. Wudhu (Ablution). Ablution is mandatory if the Quran.is to be touched. However reading without wudhu without actually touching the Quraan is allowed but reading with wudhu is ideal. The Quran should not be placed on the ground or any unclean or inappropriate place. It should always be placed on a lofty/higher position than other books. Likewise the Quran must not be read in inappropriate circumstances or places such as when having a bath, in the state of impurity such as menses, relieving oneself by urinating passing stool, in washrooms/toilets etc.

Respecting the prophets when their name is mentioned is necessary and conducted by sending salutaions and prayers of peace upon them.(Salaatus-Salaam). Likewise praying for that Allah be pleased with the Sahaabah when their name is mentioned is also recommended.


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Revelation


Allah has revealed His books to various Prophets for the guidance of their nations. Angel Jibraaeel Peace be upon him (Arch Angel Gabriel - peace be upon him) brought Allah′s revelations, orders and messages to all the Prophets (peace and blessings be upon them all).The big books are called Kitaabs whilst the small ones are called Sahifa.

Examples of Kitaab:

The Rasul Dawood Peace be upon him (Prophet David peace be upon him) was given Zabur (Psalms), Rasul Musa Peace be upon him (Prophet Moses - peace be upon him) was given the Toraat (Torah), Rasul Isa Peace be upon him (Prophet Jesus - peace be upon him) was given the Injeel (Bible - Gospel) and Prophet Muhammad was given the Quran which supersedes all other revelations. The Quran is the only revelation that is unaltered, complete, accurate and free from errors.

Examples of Sahifas:

10 Sahifas were revealed to Prophet Aadam Peace be upon him (Prophet Adam - peace be upon him).

50 Sahifas were revealed to Prophet Sheeth Peace be upon him (Prophet Seth - peace be upon him).

30 Sahifas were revealed to Prophet Idrees Peace be upon him

Between 10 and 30 Sahifas were revealed to Prophet Ibraheem Peace be upon him (Prophet Abraham - peace be upon him)


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Reversion


The acceptance of Islam where the Revert/Convert (person embracing Islam) was, previous to their submission, a Non-Muslim.

Also referred to as: Conversion, Admission, Embraced, Became, Born Again, New-Muslim, Revert, Convert.


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Rights


In society many people have rights, duties and responsibilities without which people′s wellbeing, welfare, and protection would be lacking and society would be at risk of being selfish and devoid of virtue. Rights of Allah are distinguished from the rights of His creation to one another.


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Ruh


A spiritual part of Man known as the Soul Also referred to as: Rooh,



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