The Submitters are followers of the late Rashad Khalifa, a man who claimed to be a Messenger of Allah. This claim in itself is sufficient to remove the Submitters from Islam as the Qur'an states (translation):
"O people! Muhammad has no sons among ye men, but verily, he is the Messenger of Allah and the last in the line of Prophets. And Allah is aware of everything" (33:40)
The true Prophet of Islam, Muhammad, observed:
"The tribe of Israel was guided by prophets. When a prophet passed away, another succeeded him. But no prophet will come after me; only caliphs will succeed me"
(Sahih Al Bukhari)
Much of Rashad Khalifa's misguidance can be traced to his obsession with numerology, an obsession which has misguided many different people throughout history. Khalifa alleged that the Qur'an contained a mathematical code which revolved around the number 19. He went to the extent of removing two verses from the Qur'an because according to him:
"The word "God" ... is not a multiple of 19, unless we remove (it), and the "sum of all verse numbers where the word "God" occurs ... is 19X6217 ... If the false verse (9:129) is included, this phenomenon disappears."
By rejecting a single verse of the Qur'an, the Submitters bring themselves under the judgement of another verse, ... Do you believe in part of the Book and disbelieve in another part? And what is the reward of those who do so save ignominy in the life of the world, and on the Day of Resurrection they will be consigned to the most grievous doom ..."
Quran, Chapter 2, verse 85
It is interesting to note that Khalifa was a numerologist who did his blighted profession justice:
he predicted the end of the world. However, Allah says in the Qur'an, "They ask you about the (last) hour, when will be its taking place? Say: The knowledge of it is only with my Lord; none but He shall manifest it at its time; it will be momentous in the heavens and the earth; it will not come on you but of a sudden. They ask you as if you were solicitous about it. Say: Its knowledge is only with Allah, but most people do not know. (7:187)
The Submitters International also reject the Hadeeth (narrations of companions of the prophet, peace be upon him) and they do not consider his Sunnah (way) as a part of Islam at all. In fact, they have indicated anyone following the "sunnah" of the prophet, peace be upon him, as kufar (disbelievers in Islam).
For the Submitters, the Sunnah is not a source of Islam. The problems this presents are overwhelming, for by doing so the Submitters have effectively destroyed their ability to perform:
- Salaat (obligatory prayers), the second pillar of Islam
- Zakat (obligatory tax), the third pillar of Islam
- Sawm (fasting), the fourth pillar of Islam
- Hajj (pilgrimage), the fifth pillar of Islam
Wth four out of the five pillars of Islam removed, the Submitters have little to back their claim to being Muslim The true Messenger of Islam (peace be upon him) warned the Muslims about falling into this trap in a hadeeth:
This is narrated on the authority of Abu Rafi' that the prophet, peace be upon him, said;
"Do not let me find one of you reclining back on his couch when he hears something regarding me, which I have commanded or forbidden (from his sunnah) and saying, "We do not know. What we found in Allah's Book (Quran), we have followed"
Recorded in the Sunan of Abu Dawud, Book 40, number 4588
"It is He (Allah) who has named you MUSLIMS.." [22:78]