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Confucius (551 - 479 BC)



Source: Confucius, History of Truth - The Truth about God and Religions Vol. 2, page 89, By Dr. Adel Elsaie





World Religions: Confucianism



Confucius (551 - 479 BC) established a religion in China that is a mixture of sacred philosophy and ethical doctrine. Confucianism provides rules for the proper conduct of family, community and political affairs (Douglas, 1991. p. 227). Although Confucianism became the ethic of the mandarin class, the elite group, Confucius himself came from a poor family. The principle upon which he built his doctrine is reciprocity, meaning to treat people as you want to be treated. This is considered central to producing an ideal relationship and is recorded in the Analects, a collection of Confucius’s most famous sayings. Confucius also taught the importance of many other virtues, including loyalty, wisdom, selfcontrol, piety and self-development. Confucius used the family as a model for society. Those who are in power should rule for the well being of the people, while the rest of society should obey and respect the authority, as children do to their parents. Unlike the major religions, Confucianism is not oriented to the metaphysical. Confucius did not speculate about afterlife. In this religion there are no sins, only errors and mistakes.