The Explanation of The Perfect 99 Names of Allah Ta'ala

Dr. Zensun King

The 99 Names of God (أسماء الله الحسنى‎ ʾAsmāʾ Allāh al Ḥusnā)

Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds. May Allah raise the rank of our master Muhammad (sallallahu 'alahi wasallam) and his Ahl and Companions and protect his nation from that which he fears for it.


1. Allah
The One Who has the Godhood, which is the power to create the entities

2. Ar-Rahman
The One Who has an abundance of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and exclusively for the believers in the Hereafter.

3. Ar-Rahim
The One Who has an abundance of mercy for the believers.

4. Al-Malik
The One with absolute Dominion, and the One Whose Dominion is clear of imperfection.

5. Al-Quddus
The One Who is pure from any imperfection and clear of children and adversaries.

6. As-Salam
The One Who is clear of every imperfection.

7. Al-Mu'min
The One Who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him; and Who witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him.

8. Al-Muhaymin
The One Who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures.

9. Al-^Aziz
The Defeater Who is not defeated.

10. Al-Jabbar
The One for Whom nothing happens in His dominion except what He willed.

11. Al-Mutakabbir
The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creatures and of resembling them.

12. Al- Khaliq
The One Who brings everything from non-existence to existence.

13. Al-Bari'
The Creator Who has the Power to turn the entities from one state to another.

14. Al-Musawwir
The One Who forms His creatures in different pictures.

15. Al-Ghaffar
The One Who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.

16. Al-Qahhar
The Subduer Who has the perfect Power and is not powerless over anything.

17. Al-Wahhab
The One Who is Generous in giving plenty without any return.

18. Ar-Razzaq
The One Who makes the Sustenance reach His slaves. Sustenance is everything that benefits, whether halal or haram.

19. Al-Fattah
The One Who opens for His slaves the closed worldly and religious matters.

20. Al-^Alim
The Knowledgeable; the One for Whom nothing is hidden from His Knowledge.

21-22. Al-Qabid, Al-Basit
The One Who constricts the sustenance by His Wisdom and expands and widens it with His Generosity and Mercy.

23-24. Al-Khafid, Ar-Rafi^
The One Who lowers whomever He willed by His Destruction and raises whomever He willed by His Endowment.

25-26. Al-Mu^izz, Al-Mudhill
The One Who gives esteem to whomever He willed; hence there is no one to degrade him. The One Who degrades whomever He willed; hence there is no one to give him esteem.

27. As-Sami^ The One Who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument, or organ.

28. Al-Basir The One Who Sees all things that are seen by His eternal Sight without a pupil or any other instrument.

29. Al-Hakam He is the Ruler, and His judgment is His Word.

30. Al-^Adl
The One Who is entitled to do what He does.

31. Al-Latif
The One Who is kind to His slaves and endows upon them.

32. Al-Khabir
The One Who knows the truth of things.

33. Al-Halim
The One Who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.

34. Al-^Adhim
The One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement, and Purity from all imperfection.

35. Al-Ghafur
The One Who forgives a lot.

36. Ash-Shakur
The One Who gives ample reward for a little obedience.

37. Al-^Aliyy
The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creatures.

38. Al-Kabir
The One Who is greater in status than everything.

39. Al-Hafidh
The One Who protects whatever and whomever He willed to protect.

40. Al-Muqit
The One Who has the Power.

41. Al-Hasib
The One Who gives the satisfaction.

42. Al-Jalil
The One Who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.

43. Al-Karim
The One Who is clear of abjectness.

44. Ar-Raqib
The One from Whom nothing is absent. Hence its meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.

45. Al-Mujib
The One Who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him.

46. Al-Wasi^
The Knowledgeable.

47. Al-Hakim
The One Who is correct in His doings.

48. Al-Wadud
The One Who loves His believing slaves and His believing slaves love Him. His love to His slaves is His Will to be merciful to them and praise them: Hence its meaning is related to the attributes of the Will and Kalam (His attribute with which He orders and forbids and with which He spoke to Muhammad and Musa. It is not a sound, nor a language, nor a letter)

49. Al-Majid
The One Who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity, and Kindness.

50. Al-Ba^ith
The One Who resurrects His slaves after death for reward and/or punishment.

51. Ash-Shahid
The One from Whom nothing is absent.

52. Al-Haqq The One Who truly exists, i.e., the One Whose Existence is confirmed.

53. Al-Wakil
The One Who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon.

54. Al-Qawiyy
The One with the complete Power.

55. Al-Matin
The One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted, and Who does not get tired.

56. Al-Waliyy
The Supporter. 57. Al-Hamid The praised One Who deserves to be praised. 58. Al-Muhsi The One Who knows the count of things.

59. Al-Mubdi'
The One Who started the human being, that is, He created him.

60. Al-Mu^id
The One Who brings back the creatures after death.

61. Al-Muhyi
The One Who took out a living human from seminal fluid that does not have a soul. He quickens the dead by giving the souls back to the decayed bodies on the Resurrection Day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.

62. Al-Mumit
The One Who renders the living dead.

63. Al-Hayy
The One Who is attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh, and blood.

64. Al-Qayyum
The One Who remains and does not end.

65. Al-Wajid
The Rich Who is never poor. AlWajid is Richness.

66. Al-Majid
The One Who is Majid.

67. Al-Wahid
The One without a partner.

68. As-Samad
The Master Who is relied upon in matters and is resorted to in one's needs.

69. Al-Qadir
The One Who is attributed with Power.

70. Al-Muqtadir
The One with the perfect Power from Whom nothing is withheld.

71-72. Al-Muqaddim, Al-Mu'akhkhir
The One Who puts things in their right places. He makes ahead whatever He wills and delays whatever He wills.

73. Al-'Awwal
The One whose Existence is without a beginning.

74. Al-'Akhir
The One whose Existence is without an end.

75-76. Adh-Dhahir, Al-Batin
The One above Whom nothing exists and underneath Whom nothing exists; hence He exists without a place. His Existence is obvious by proofs. He is clear of the delusions of bodily attributes.

77. Al-Wali
The One Who owns things and manages them.

78. Al-Muta^ali
The One Who is clear of the attributes of the creation.

79. Al-Barr
The One Who is kind to His creatures, Who covered them with His sustenance and specified whomever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy.

80. At-Tawwab
The One Who grants repentance to whomever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance. 81. Al-Muntaqim The One Who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One Who destroys them.

82. Al-^Afuww
The One with wide forgiveness.

83. Ar-Ra'uf
The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allah is His Will to endow upon whomever He willed among His creatures.

84. Malikul-Mulk
The One Who controls the dominion and gives dominion to whomever He willed.

85. Dhul-Jalal Wal-'Ikram
The One Who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.

86. Al-Muqsit
The One Who is Just in His judgment.

87. Al-Jami^
The One Who gathers the creatures on a day there is no doubt about, that is, the Day of Judgment.

88. Al-Ghaniyy
The One Who does not need the creation.

89. Al-Mughni
The One Who satisfies the necessities of the creatures.

90. Al-Mani^
The Supporter Who protects and gives victory to His pious believers.

91-92. Ad -Darr, An-Nafi^
The One Who makes harm reach to whomever He willed and benefit to whomever He willed.

93. An-Nur
The One Who guides.

94. Al-Hadi
The One with Whose Guidance His believers were guided, and with Whose Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial for them and protected from what is harmful to them.

95. Al-Badi^
The One Who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.

96. Al-Baqi
The One for Whom the state of non-existence is impossible.

97. Al-Warith
The One Whose Existence remains.

98. Ar-Rashid
The One Who guides.

99. As-Sabur
The One Who does not quickly punish the sinners.