As stated before, any repetitions in the Quran of an Ayah require special
attention. Also we mentioned before, that the Quran includes over 700
verses that deal with scientific miracles. In our present time, some of
these verses are understood and some are not. This is because the Quran
is a challenge for humanity throughout the generations until the end of the
physical world. This challenge in no way represents a negative process,
but a positive one that keeps humanity reflecting on the many miraculous
signs of God.
Vibration and Earth
There are two Ayat, with almost the same words, that relate the earth to
rain and oscillation. Translations and commentaries of the Quran do not
exactly explain this relationship. However, we will attempt to explore this
link. The following argument may shed some light on the exact meaning
of this relationship and Allah knows the best.
Vibrations occur regularly in our surroundings. These are motions
that repeat themselves. There are oscillating guitar strings, bells,
diaphragms in telephones and speaker systems and quartz crystals in
wristwatches. Less obvious are the oscillations of the molecules of the air
that transmit the sensation of sound, of the atoms in a solid that convey
the sensation of temperature and of the electrons in the antenna of radio
and TV transmitters.
Vibration is divided into free and forced vibration. A person swinging
in a swing without any other help is an example of free vibration. If a
friend keeps on pulling or pushing the swing periodically, we have a
forced vibration. Free vibration happens if the friend pulls or pushes once
and then the swing is left to oscillate freely.
One important property of oscillatory motion is its natural frequency,
or the number of oscillations that are completed in one second. Any
system has one or more natural frequencies of vibration depending upon
its mass and how stiff it is. Resonance happens when a system is excited
at one of its natural frequencies. The amplification of the sound from a
radio is a case of resonance. When you move the station selector to get
a certain station, you are actually bringing the frequency of the circuit
in the radio in balance with the signal frequency of the selected station.
When that happens, you get the maximum amplification of the sound.
When you move the station selector, i.e. changing the circuit frequency
from the input frequency, the sound decreases and then disappear.
Allah defined precisely this case of forced vibration where an input
with driving frequency causes plants to grow as follows:
“...And (further) you see the earth barren and lifeless, but when We
pour down rain on it, it is stirred (to life), (oscillates), it swells and it
puts forth every kind of beautiful growth (in pairs).”
(Surah 22, Ayah 5)
“And among His Signs in this: thou seest the earth barren and
desolate; but when We send down rain to it, it is stirred to life
(oscillates) and yields increase. Truly, He Who gives life to the
(dead) earth can surely give life to (men) who are dead. For He has
power over all things.”
(Surah 41, Ayah 39)
The existing translation refers to the Arabic word “oscillate” as
“it is stirred” which does not reflect the actual Arabic word. A possible
explanation of the above phenomenon is that when rain drops on the dead
ground, particles of earth oscillate and grow. If there are seeds in the
ground, rain causes them to grow or germinate. The exact mechanism of
the effect of rain on germination may not be fully understood. However,
this may be left to specialists in the field of botany to examine from the
point of view of vibration.
Regardless of discovering the exact mechanism of the above
phenomenon, the above Ayat clearly describe a case of vibration.
Understanding this phenomenon of vibration is undoubtedly a knowledge
that was not available in the seventh century and may not be fully
understood in our present time. No one can claim that Muhammad was
a master dynamist and knew about vibration. Where did he get this
information? It is from the Master and Only Creator of vibration.
The Relativity of the Time
There is absolutely no ambiguity whatsoever in the Biblical description of
the Creation in six days followed by a day of rest, the Sabbath, analogous
to the days of the earthly week. This clearly shows the interjection of
human concepts to a divine action. The word “day”, in the Bible, means
the interval of time between two successive sunrises or sunsets for an
inhabitant of the earth. When defined this way, the day is conditioned
to the rotation of the earth on its own axis. It is obvious that, logically
speaking, there can be no such definition of “days” as explained in the
Bible, if the mechanism that caused them to appear - the existence of the
earth and the sun - had not already been created.
On the other hand, we read in the Quran in many Ayat, the Creation
process in six days without any analogy to the earthly days. To understand
what the Quran means by a day, one should put all the verses in which the
word “day” is mentioned and then attempt to extract a common meaning.
“Your Guardian-Lord is Allah, Who created the heavens and the
earth in six days.”
(Surah 7, Ayah 54)
“He directs the affairs from heavens to the earth; then it ascends
unto Him on a day, the measure of which is (as) a thousand years of
(Surah 32, Ayah 5)
“The angels and the Spirit (Gabriel) ascend unto Him in a day, the
measure whereof is (as) fifty thousand years.”
(Surah 70, Ayah 4)
How could the immense mystery of time be enforced in our minds
better than that? A day in the standard of Allah may be one day, or 1,000
years or 50,000 years, depending on the event, relative to the human
standard of time!
According to the theory of relativity, the time change of a fast moving
object is very real and has nothing to do with any mechanical changes that
take place in a clock because of its motion. An example to understand this
time change is to imagine an astronaut travelling in space at a speed close
to the speed of light. It would appear to him that he traveled an incredibly
large distance in a very short time. On his return back to earth, he would
find that thousands of earthly years had passed and many generations had
been born and died during this time expansion, while he might still be
The relativity theory postulates that the maximum speed attainable
is that of the speed of light. But who would say that this is really a fact
that can be applied on all conditions? What if the speed of light represents
a singularity or a barrier between two classes of realities? Our physical
reality goes from zero speed to the speed of light. And beyond this barrier,
there may be another reality that has speed range from the speed of light
to, perhaps, a much faster speed.
During a dream one can travel enormous distances in a very short
period of time, may be at a speed faster than the speed of light. So, the
above Ayat describe that on a spiritual level something that takes one day,
according to the Divine Standard, could take a thousand or fifty thousand
years according to the human standard. Therefore, the day in the Quran
signifies a period of time and may not be equal to the earthly 24 hours.
Modern commentators of the Quran, such as Yusuf Ali (1934) stressed the
importance of taking the word “day” to mean in reality “very long period,
or Ages, or Eons.”
How were the different events in the Quran described in different
time frames? Who told Muhammad that time has a relativistic property?
It is the Creator of time itself.