The Quran is full of reflections on the heavens. Instead of a continuous narration, there are verses scattered all over the entire Book which deal with certain aspects of creation and provide information on the successive events marking its development with varying degrees of details. To gain a clear idea of how these events are presented, the scattered verses must all be examined together. This is quite easy now, since there are dictionaries for all the words in the Quran and one can obtain all the Ayat that deal with a particular subject. Again, it is extremely important to keep in mind that the Quran is a Divine Book and not a science book. These verses are scattered in many chapters to serve the purpose of reflection on the Glory of the Almighty in many places and in many times. Occasionally, one listens to the Quran without grasping the divine meaning of the verse. When one is ready to receive and feel the meaning of a certain Ayah, then this becomes a great spiritual experience.
SuperNova / Acceleration Probe (SNAP) will measure the rate of expansion of the universe by looking at distant supernovae as they recede.
Expansion of the universe is one of the most awesome discoveries of
the twentieth century. The evidence for expansion of the universe are
so powerful to the extent that it is considered a fact. The discussions of
cosmologists are focusing now on the mechanism and the factors that
affect this expansion.
Allah refers to the expanding universe in the following verse:
“We have built the firmaments with might and we indeed have vast
power.” (Surah 51, Ayah 4)
The above translation does not reflect the actual meaning of the Ayah.
Any Arab speaking person will translate the above verse as follows:
“We have built the skies with might and we indeed are expanding
The Arabic verb used means continually expanding and refers to the
previous noun that is the skies. Other translations of this verb include
“width and generosity” and “to make them wider.” One of the translations
called “The choice” or in Arabic “Montakhab”, stated clearly its meaning
that the universe is expanding.
The fact is that Allah described the expansion of the universe in
a short sentence. Muhammad stated this fact that took humanity ages
to discover and measure. Who told him that? This fact could not be
envisioned in the seventh century and authored by an unlettered Arab
when he had no previous knowledge about cosmology. It must have been
a divine inspiration!
Throughout the Quran, Allah refers to the skies and the earth and what is
“We created not the heavens, the earth, and all that in between them,
but for just ends.” (Surah 15, Ayah 85)
“We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in six
days, nor any sense of weariness touch us.”
(Surah 50, Ayah 38)
What is in between the skies and the earth? The creation of the
universe occurred by condensing the material of the primary nebula
followed by its division into fragments that constituted the primary
Protogalaxies, the first celestial bodies. The latter split up into galaxies,
stars and planets. The concept of having some form of interstellar
material was recently introduced to account for the huge missing mass
of the universe. Does this interstellar material consist of cosmic strings
that, if they exist, have tremendously dense matter and energy? Does this
interstellar material consist of neutrinos or black holes? Here we are in
the twenty-first century and we just do not know what this ghost matter
is. Their more scientific name is “interstellar material” There is no doubt
now that interstellar material exists and it can be imagined as bridges of
material between or inside galaxies.
Until recently, no one ever dreamt of a matter of such magnitude and weight existed. Yet an unlettered Arab in the seventh century spoke of this very same interstellar material. If he were the author of the Quran, how did he come up with such a concept that was only discovered recently? The exact nature of this interstellar material is still unknown. These findings should further stimulate an attempt to understand and dissect each word of the Quran very carefully, thus shedding light on what we still do not know. And God Knows the Best.
The Black Holes
Space-time diagrams of the sun, white dwarf, Neutron star and black hole Space-time diagrams for a white dwarf, a neutron star, a black hole Space-time diagrams for a white dwarf, a neutron star, a black hole.
In Surah 81, Ayah 15-16 Allah states in 5 Arabic words:
“So verily I call to witness the planets (stars) that recede. Go
straight, or hide”
A literal translation of the above Ayat could be stated as follows:
“So verily I swear by the hidden stars that move and vacuum”
These Ayat refer to stars that recede and become hidden. This type
of stars was not known until recently. Only in the last decades, Muslim
scientists started examining these Ayat and concluded that these objects
are the black holes. Black holes are objects with gravitational pulls so
intense that light cannot escape from them. This is why such objects are
now called black holes. One Muslim scientist defined the black hole as
a super giant vacuum cleaner. Some astrophysicists believe that minute
black holes could have been formed from very dense matter crushed
together at an early stage of the Big Bang. But black holes of larger masses
probably exist in the central region of spiral and elliptical galaxies. Others
suggest that black holes formed after the catastrophic collapse of very
large stars. God Knows the Best.
The Conquest of Space
Apollo 12 Astronaut Alan Bean