Islamic Civilization and History

21th Century (2000 - 2008) C.E

Previous Century Complete chronology


Members of Al Qaeda,Terrorist organization which is violating Islamic term named 'Jihad', attack the United States. Hijacked commercial airliners are flown into the World Trade Center and the Pentagon building on September 11, 2001, killing upwards of three thousand. The United States subsequently declares a War on terror and invades Afghanistan, whose Taliban regime had given refuge to Al Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden. The Taliban are ousted from power, and 10 years later, on May 2, 2011, shortly after 1 a.m. local time Osama Bin Laden is killed by a United States special forces military unit.

Earthquake in Gujarat, India at Richter scale of 7.8, 25,000 people died.2002


General elections in Pakistan are held after the 1999 military takeover. PML (Q) led by Mian Muhammad Azhar, a pro-military party, gains majority throughout Pakistan. Mir Zafrullah Khan Jamali became the Prime Minister of Pakistan.

The riots between Hindus and Muslims in Gujarat, India. More than 5000 reported killed, most of them Muslims.

A terrorist group linked to Al-Qaeda kills more than 200 people in the 2002 Bali bombings.

Chechen rebels take 800 hostages in the Moscow theater hostage crisis


The United States leads the invasion of Iraq, searching for "weapons of mass destruction which were never found", starting the second Iraq War.

Shirin Ebadi becomes the first Muslim woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize for her efforts in promoting human rights.

Truck bombings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia kill 34.

Spanish restaurant and Jewish centres attacked in Casablanca, Morocco, killing 43 people.

Attack on hotel in Jakarta, Indonesia kills 10.52 killed in suicide attacks on British and Jewish targets &in Istanbul.


The second-largest earthquake ever recorded occurs in the Indian Ocean, triggering the Asian Tsunami. Indonesia suffers the heaviest damage with 167,736 dead, 37,063 missing and 500,000+ displaced.

US troops assault the Iraqi city of Fallujah.

Israel Kills many Palestinians since the occupation of Palestinian land


Local body elections are held in Pakistan on non-party basis.

Saudi Arabia's King Fahd dies. Fahd's brother Crown Prince Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz, who had assumed de facto leadership of the country after King Fahd suffered a debilitating stroke in 1994, is declared king.

A powerful, 7.6-magnitude earthquake hits the Azad Kashmir region of Pakistan, killing upwards of 73,000 people.

Israel removes Jewish settlers and military personnel from the Gaza Strip in August

Mahmoud Ahmadinejad wins Iranian presidential election.

A high turnout among Muslims in Iraq parliamentary elections, despite insurgency.

US attacked Iraq & casualties in Iraq pass the 2000 mark.


Israel invades part of Lebanon in pursuit of Hezbollah

Death of former Iraqi President Saddam Hussein after being found guilty by hanging.

Muhammad Yunus wins Nobel Peace Prize for successful application of microcredit schemes to poor entrepreneurs in Bangladesh.


Pakistani leader Benazir Bhutto returns to Pakistan after 10 years of self-imposed exile.

Death of Benazir Bhutto in an attack by terrorist at Liaqat Bagh, Rawalpindi. General elections were rescheduled.


08 October Earthquake in Pakistan kills thousands and leaves families homeless in Khyber-Pakhunkha/Hazara region.Multi story apartment building in Islamabad also collapsed.


President Barack Obama delivers an address at Cairo University promising "A New Beginning" in US-Muslim relations.


Last US combat troops leave Iraq.


Tunisian Revolution, an intensive campaign of civil disobedience and protests begun in December 2010, ousts long-time President Zine El Abidine Ben Ali—the first of a series of upheavals known as Arab Spring.

January 25 Revolution, a series of demonstrations, civil disobedience and strikes in Egyptian urban areas, part of the Arab Spring movement, resulted in the resignation of President Hosni Mubarak, who turned power over to a Supreme Council of the Armed Forces.

Crack down in Syria on protests inspired by Arab Spring leads to Syrian Civil War. The opposition rebels are largely Sunni Muslims while loyalists are largely Alawites. A refugee crisis ensued with over 2 million Syrian refugees fleeing to Turkey, Jordan, Iraq and Lebanon.

Militant uprising of the professional class, defecting soldiers and Islamists later backed by French, British and US airpower topple administration of Muammar Gaddafi (who is captured and executed), the power of which was assumed by the rebels' organization the National Transitional Council.

Al-Qaeda leader Osama bin Laden killed by US Special Forces inside Pakistan.


Mohamed Morsi, a leading member of the Muslim Brotherhood, becomes the first democratically elected president in Egyptian history.


June 2013 Egyptian protests, a mass public demonstration against the administration of Mohamed Morsi, followed by a military coup d'état in which Morsi was deposed and arrested. After leading protests against the coup, the Muslim Brotherhood is officially banned by the end of the year.


Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant invades Northern Iraq.

Islamic extremist group Boko Haram kidnaps 276 female students in northeast Nigeria.