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Islamic Civilization and History



12th Century (1100 - 1199) C.E



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1101: Death or the Fatimid Caliph Al Mustaali, accession of Al Aamir. 1105: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Barkiaruk, accession Of Muhammad. 1106: Death of the Al Motavid Yusuf b Tashfin. 1107: Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Kilij Arsalan, succession of Malik Shah. 1108: Death of the Zirid ruler Tamin, accession of Yahya. 1116: Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah. accession of Rukn ud Din Masud. 1118: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad; accession of Mahmud II. Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustahzir, accession of Mustarshid. In Spain the Christians capture Saragossa. 1121: Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Aamir, accession of Al Hafiz.

1127: Imad ud Din Zangi establishes the Zangi rule In Mosul.

1128: Death of the Khawarzam Shah Qutb ud Din Muhammad; accession of Atsiz.

1130: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Mahmud II; accession of Tughril Beg II.

1134: Assassination of the Abbasid Caliph Mustarshid; accession of Al Rashid. Death of the Seljuk Sultan Tughril Beg II, accession of Masud.

1135: Deposition of the Abbasid Caliph Al Rashid, accession of Al Muktafi.

1144: Imad ud Din Zangi captures Edessa from the Christians, second crusade.

1146: Death of Imad ud Din Zangi, accession of Nur ud Din Zangi.

1147: In the Maghrib Al Moravids overthrown by the Al Mohads under Abul Mumin.

1148: End of the Zirid rule' in North Africa.

1149: Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Hafiz, accession of Al Zafar.

1152: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Masud, accession of Malik Shah II. Hamadid rule extinguished in North Africa.

1153: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Malik Shah I1, accession of Muhammad II.

1154: Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Zafar, accession of Al Faiz.

1156: Death of the Rum Seljuk Sultan Rukn ud Din Masid, accession of Arsalan II.

1159: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Muhammad II, accession of Gulaiman.

1160: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Mukta, accession of Al Mustanjid. Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Faiz, accession of Al Azzid.

1161: Death of the Seljuk Sulaiman, accession of Arsalan Shah.

1163: Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abul Mumin, accession of Abu Yaqub Yusuf.

1170: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Mustanjid, accession of Al Mustazii.

1171: Death of the Fatimid Caliph Al Azzid. End of the Fatimids. Salah ud Din founds the Ayyubid dynasty in Egypt.

1172: Death of the Khawarzam Shah Arsalan, accession of Sultan Shah.

1173: The Khawarzam Shah Sultan Shah is overthrown by Tukush Shah.

1174: Salah ud Din annexes Syria.

1175: The Ghurids defeat the Guzz Turks and occupy Ghazni.

1176: Death of the Seljuk Sultan Arsalan Shah, accession of Tughril Beg III.

1179: Death of the Abbasid Caliph Al Mustazaii, accession of Al Nasir. Shahab ud Din Ghuri captures Peshawar.

1185: Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abu Yaqub Yusuf, accession of Abu Yusuf Yaqub.

1186: The Ghurids overthrow the Ghaznvaids in the Punjab.

1187: Salah ud Din wrests Jerusalem from the Christians, third crusade.

1191: Battle of Tarain between the Rajputs and the Ghurids.

1193: Death of Salah ud Din; accession of Al Aziz. Second battleof Tarain.

1194: Occupation of Delhi by the Muslims. End of the Seljuk rule.

1199: Death of the Khawarzam Shah Tukush Shah; accession of Ala ud Din. Death of the Al Mohad ruler Abu Yusuf Yaqub; accession of Muhammad Nasir. Conquest of Northern India and Bengal by the Ghurids.