The Quran is full of reflections on the heavens. Instead of a continuous narration, there are verses scattered all over the entire Book which deal with certain aspects of creation and provide information on the successive events marking its development with varying degrees of details. To gain a clear idea of how these events are presented, the scattered verses must all be examined together. This is quite easy now, since there are dictionaries for all the words in the Quran and one can obtain all the Ayat that deal with a particular subject. Again, it is extremely important to keep in mind that the Quran is a Divine Book and not a science book. These verses are scattered in many chapters to serve the purpose of reflection on the Glory of the Almighty in many places and in many times. Occasionally, one listens to the Quran without grasping the divine meaning of the verse. When one is ready to receive and feel the meaning of a certain Ayah, then this becomes a great spiritual experience.
SuperNova / Acceleration Probe (SNAP) will measure the rate of expansion of the universe by looking at distant supernovae as they recede.
Expansion of the universe is one of the most awesome discoveries of
the twentieth century. The evidence for expansion of the universe are
so powerful to the extent that it is considered a fact. The discussions of
cosmologists are focusing now on the mechanism and the factors that
affect this expansion.
Allah refers to the expanding universe in the following verse:
“We have built the firmaments with might and we indeed have vast
power.” (Surah 51, Ayah 4)
The above translation does not reflect the actual meaning of the Ayah.
Any Arab speaking person will translate the above verse as follows:
“We have built the skies with might and we indeed are expanding
The Arabic verb used means continually expanding and refers to the
previous noun that is the skies. Other translations of this verb include
“width and generosity” and “to make them wider.” One of the translations
called “The choice” or in Arabic “Montakhab”, stated clearly its meaning
that the universe is expanding.
The fact is that Allah described the expansion of the universe in
a short sentence. Muhammad stated this fact that took humanity ages
to discover and measure. Who told him that? This fact could not be
envisioned in the seventh century and authored by an unlettered Arab
when he had no previous knowledge about cosmology. It must have been
a divine inspiration!
Throughout the Quran, Allah refers to the skies and the earth and what is
“We created not the heavens, the earth, and all that in between them,
but for just ends.” (Surah 15, Ayah 85)
“We created the heavens and the earth and all between them in six
days, nor any sense of weariness touch us.”
(Surah 50, Ayah 38)
What is in between the skies and the earth? The creation of the
universe occurred by condensing the material of the primary nebula
followed by its division into fragments that constituted the primary
Protogalaxies, the first celestial bodies. The latter split up into galaxies,
stars and planets. The concept of having some form of interstellar
material was recently introduced to account for the huge missing mass
of the universe. Does this interstellar material consist of cosmic strings
that, if they exist, have tremendously dense matter and energy? Does this
interstellar material consist of neutrinos or black holes? Here we are in
the twenty-first century and we just do not know what this ghost matter
is. Their more scientific name is “interstellar material” There is no doubt
now that interstellar material exists and it can be imagined as bridges of
material between or inside galaxies.
Until recently, no one ever dreamt of a matter of such magnitude and weight existed. Yet an unlettered Arab in the seventh century spoke of this very same interstellar material. If he were the author of the Quran, how did he come up with such a concept that was only discovered recently? The exact nature of this interstellar material is still unknown. These findings should further stimulate an attempt to understand and dissect each word of the Quran very carefully, thus shedding light on what we still do not know. And God Knows the Best.
The Black Holes
Space-time diagrams of the sun, white dwarf, Neutron star and black hole Space-time diagrams for a white dwarf, a neutron star, a black hole Space-time diagrams for a white dwarf, a neutron star, a black hole.
In Surah 81, Ayah 15-16 Allah states in 5 Arabic words:
“So verily I call to witness the planets (stars) that recede. Go
straight, or hide”
A literal translation of the above Ayat could be stated as follows:
“So verily I swear by the hidden stars that move and vacuum”
These Ayat refer to stars that recede and become hidden. This type
of stars was not known until recently. Only in the last decades, Muslim
scientists started examining these Ayat and concluded that these objects
are the black holes. Black holes are objects with gravitational pulls so
intense that light cannot escape from them. This is why such objects are
now called black holes. One Muslim scientist defined the black hole as
a super giant vacuum cleaner. Some astrophysicists believe that minute
black holes could have been formed from very dense matter crushed
together at an early stage of the Big Bang. But black holes of larger masses
probably exist in the central region of spiral and elliptical galaxies. Others
suggest that black holes formed after the catastrophic collapse of very
large stars. God Knows the Best.
The Conquest of Space
Apollo 12 Astronaut Alan Bean
known laws of physics, as if we have discovered every
law in the universe. These idle ideas represent a severe limitation to the
vision and imagination of mankind. Yet, if one approaches this subject
with an open mind, the existence of jinn can solve many of the unresolved
mysteries or phenomena that we dare to explain without any evidence.
For the conquest of space, five Ayat in the Quran in two Surat should
command our full attention. The first expresses, without any trace of
ambiguity, what jinn and men collectively should and will achieve in this
“O ye assembly of Jinns and men! If it be ye can pass beyond the
zones of the heavens and the earth, pass ye! Not without authority
shall ye be able to pass! Then which of the favors of your Lord will
ye deny? On you will be sent (O ye evil ones twain!) a flame of fire
(to burn) and a smoke (to choke): no defense will ye have.”
(Surah 55, Ayah 33-35)
The translation given here requires some explanatory comments:
1. The condition in the first sentence is for the achievable hypothesis
(Arabic, “in”), which clearly means that conquest of space is
achievable with power. The Quran therefore suggests the material
possibility of this concrete realization. This subtle linguistic
distinction formally rules out the mystic interpretation that some
have accepted. This mystic interpretation suggests that evil things,
such as fire and molten brass, will punish the evil spirits.
2. God is addressing the jinn and mankind and not allegorical figures,
as some may suggest.
3. The Arabic literal word for “to pass” in the above Ayat is “to
penetrate” which means to “to pass right through and come out of the
other end.” It therefore suggests a deep penetration and emergence at
the other end of the regions in questions.
4. The power that jinn and man will use to achieve their goal would
seem to come from the Lord, since the following sentence is an
invitation to recognize the Lord′s blessing. That power could well
be the science that Allah taught us.
5. If jinn or man penetrate deep in space beyond certain limits, God
will send a flame of fire or molten brass on them.
We know that jinn have more power of motion than man does. They
may have attempted to cross certain limits and were returned back by
flames of fire. The reference to molten brass may refer to some metallic
meteors that come from all direction of space. There can be no doubt that
these Ayat indicate that humans will travel deep in space and not just in
the immediate atmosphere of the earth.
In the second Surah, God is speaking of the unbelievers in Mecca,
“Even if we opened out to them a gate from heaven and they were to
continue (all day) ascending therein, they would only say: Our eyes
have been intoxicated: Nay, we have been bewitched by sorcery.” (Surah 15, Ayah 14-15)
The conditional “if” in above Ayat is an unachievable hypothesis
for the unbelievers of Mecca. These Ayat express astonishment at a
remarkable spectacle, different from anything man could imagine.
The Quran presents two passages when addressing the conquest of space
♦ One of them refers to what will one day become a reality, thanks to
the powers of intelligence and ingenuity that God gave to jinn and
♦ And the other describes an event that the unbelievers of Mecca will
never witness; hence its character is a condition that will never be
realized by them. Others will however see the event, as referred
to in the above first Surah. It describes the human reaction to the
unexpected spectacle that space travelers will see: their confused
sight as in drunkenness and the feeling of seeing magic.
The second Surah expresses exactly how astronauts have experienced
this remarkable adventure since the first human space flight around the
earth in 1961. It is a known fact now that once a human is above the
earth′s atmosphere, the skies no longer have the azure appearance we see
from earth. This is due to the phenomena of absorption of the sun′s light
into the layers of the atmosphere. The sun′s light consists of different
frequencies. Human eyes can detect a certain range of these frequencies
that are translated by the brain in the known spectrum of light: red,
orange, yellow, green, blue and purple. Red color has long wavelength
and can penetrate easily through the earth′s atmosphere. Blue color has
short wavelength and cannot penetrate the earth′s atmosphere. Therefore,
blue color tends to disperse and reflect on the small particles that exist in
space. We, on earth, see the reflection of that blue color in the sky. But
the human observer in space above the earth′s atmosphere sees a black
sky and the earth seems to be surrounded by a halo of bluish color due
to the same phenomena of absorption of light by the earth′s atmosphere.
The moon has no atmosphere however and therefore appears in its true
color against the black background of the sky. It is a completely new
spectacle that human observers in space are not accustomed to. Now the
photographs of this spectacle have become well known and famous to the
Here again, it is extremely difficult not to be impressed, when
comparing the text of the Quran to the data of modern science, by
statements that simply cannot be ascribed to the thought of an unlettered
Arab who lived more than fourteen centuries ago.