Persistence of life
The Human miracles
Persistence of life
It is known that some creatures appeared at certain time, and never changed since. This persistence of life is contrary to what one would expect from the evolution model. The following table shows when life started for certain classes of life, and those animals today are not much different than in the past.
|Period||Years before||Life persisted|
|Precambrian||600 million||Algae, bacteria, fungi|
|Cambrian||500 million||Sponges, snails, jellyfish|
|Ordovician||425 million||Clams, starfish, worms|
|Silurian||405 million||Scorpions, corals|
|Devonian||345 million||Sharks, lungfish|
|Carboniferous||280 million||Ferns, cockroaches|
|Permian||230 million||Beetles, dragonflies|
|Triassic||180 million||Pines, palms|
|Jurassic||135 million||Crocodiles, turtles|
|Cretaceous||70 million||Ducks, pelicans|
|Paleocene||60 million||Rats, hedgehogs|
|Eocene||40 million||Lemurs, rhinoceroses|
|Oligocene||25 million||Beavers, squirrels, ants|
|Miocene||7 million||Camels, wolves|
|Pliocene||.5-3 million||Horses, elephants|
For 425 million years, clams are still clams.
For 345 million years, sharks are still sharks.
For 135 million years, turtles are still turtles.
For 60 million years rats are still rats.
For 7 million years camels are still camels with their long necks.
The Human miracles
The human body consists of many organs and systems. Each one of them, when studied with objectivity represents a remarkable proof of a creation by the Almighty. Take, for example, the wrist joint that rotates 360 degrees and can stop at any angle. What would it take from a biomedical engineer to design such a joint in such a space that keeps on working for so many years without external greasing? Each system in the human body represents the most efficient system in the minimum space. Only two organs are presented in the following section that represents the ultimate complexity.
Figure 3.25 - The Human Brain
Nothing on this Earth is more fantastic than the human brain. Doctors
have made tremendous advances in studies of the brain. Even so, what
they have learned is nothing compared to what remains unknown. One
scientist said that we know only 10% of the brain and 90% remains
mysterious. Definitely, the human brain is the most mysterious part of
the human body. Every second about 100 million bits of information flow
into the brain from all senses. If we can think about one thing at a time,
how does the brain handle these millions of simultaneous messages easily
and all the time? Imagine a busy TV newsroom that receives news from
all over the world. The news editors decide which stories are important.
Then the news writers rewrite the important stories for broadcasting.
These news stories are presented to the public. In some ways, the human
brain acts like a newsroom. Here is how the human brain processes the
information it receives and then reacts accordingly:
1. The brain stem has a network of nerves, the size of which equals
your finger. This network acts as a kind of traffic control center,
monitoring the millions of messages coming into the brain, ignoring
the trivial and selecting the important for attention. Each second, this
little network of nerves selects only a few hundred at most, to enter
the conscious mind.
2. A further selection of our attention seems to come about by waves
that sweep the brain eight to 12 times per second. These waves cause
periods of high intensity, during which the brain notes the stronger
signals and acts accordingly. It is believed that by means of these
waves the brain scans itself to select the more important items.
Thus an astonishing flurry of activity is going on in our heads every
The miracle starts in the womb. Three weeks after conception brain cells
start forming. They grow in outbursts, at times up to 250,000 cells a
minute (Dowling, 2007, p. 7). After birth the brain continues to grow and
form a network of connections. The gap separating the human brain from
that of any animal quickly manifests itself: The brain of the human infant,
unlike that of any other animal triples in size during the first year. There
are about ten billion (10,000,000,000) highly specialized nerve cells,
called neurons that make up only 2 % of the body’s weight (Lichtblau,
2010, p. 3).
The human brain has many specialized activities that are capable of
learning. Computer science uses the word “hardwired” to refer to built-in
capabilities based on fixed circuitry, in contrast to capabilities put in the
computer by a program “software” (Roy, p.1). Hard wiring in a human
brain refers to inherent abilities like learning, but not the knowledge itself.
Animals, by contrast, have hardwired instinctive wisdom, but limited
capabilities to learn. The most intelligent animal never develops a mind
like that of a human being. And unlike animals, humans have the free
will to program their intellects as they choose, based upon their values,
knowledge, opportunities and goals. Specialists agree that the human brain
is genetically programmed for language development and that speech can
be explained only on the basis of an inherent language processing capacity
within the brain. Unlike the rigidity that is displayed in the instinctive
behavior of animals, however, there is tremendous flexibility in a human’s
use of this hardwired capability for the language. A specific language is
not hardwired into our brains, but we are preprogrammed with the ability
to learn languages. If two languages are spoken at home, a child can learn
both. If exposed to a third language, the child can learn it also (Cenoz,
2000, p. 42). In view of such inherent abilities, it is no surprise that a
linguist said that the chimpanzee experiments with sign language actually
prove that the chimps are incapable of even the most rudimentary forms
of human language. One neurologist concludes: “The more we attempt to
investigate the mechanism of language, the more mysterious the process
becomes” ( Science News letter, 1955. p.148).
A human originates thinking, sets goals, plans to reach them, initiates
work to carry them out and finds satisfaction in their accomplishment.
Created with an eye for beauty, an ear for music, a flair of art, an urge to
learn, an extreme curiosity and an imagination that invents and designs
- man finds a great sense of achievement in exercising these gifts. He is
challenged by obstacles and delights in using his mental and physical
power to solve problems. Man has a moral sense to determine right and
wrong and a conscious to blame when he goes astray. He finds happiness
in giving and joys in loving and being loved. All such activities enhance
his pleasure in living and give a sense of purpose and meaning to his life.
A human can observe the plants and animals, the magnificence of the
mountains and oceans around him, the vastness of the sky above him and
feel his smallness. He is aware of time and space, wonders how he got
here and where he is going and tries to understand what is behind all that.
Figure 3.26 - The Human Ear
The ear, one of the most complicated organs of the body, consists of three parts: the outer ear, the middle ear, and the inner ear.
The outer ear consists of the pinna, or external ear, which captures sound waves and directs them inward, and the ear canal, which leads to the eardrum.
The middle ear contains three tiny bones, or ossicles, commonly called the hammer (malleus), the anvil (incus), and the stirrup (stapes).
The inner ear is formed of two main parts: a spiral structure, the cochlea, responsible for hearing and the semicircular canals, the labyrinth, which serve as the organ of balance and equilibrium. The inner ear is filled with clear fluids with precise chemical composition and accurate pressure. The regulation of chemical composition and fluid pressure is maintained through complex mechanisms not yet understood. The ear serves a dual purpose, not only hearing but also the vital function of equilibrium. Any change in fluid composition or pressure may cause hearing loss as well as sense of dizziness and imbalance, known as vertigo.
An oversimplification of how the extraordinary organ of the ear works is as follows: Atmospheric sound waves are collected by the ear and strike the eardrum, making it vibrate. This in turn activates the tiny chain of the three ossicles, in the middle ear, causing them to vibrate and conduct the sound waves to the inner ear. The eardrum and the ossicles not only conduct sound, but also amplify the sound energy by a factor of about 22 times. The sound waves, in turn, through the medium of the clear liquid in the inner ear transfer the vibrations to sensory cells (outer and inner hair cells), which convert the mechanical waves to electrical impulses. The impulses are conveyed to the brain via the auditory nerve. The mystery is the translation of vibrations into electric impulses, in such a small place, and then into identifiable sounds. It remains incomprehensible and incredibly complex to ear doctors. . Many questions remain to be answered and lots of challenging mysteries stand reflecting our ignorance in front of a simple question:
How do we hear?
Two models exist for the origin of humans on Earth: creation and evolution models. The monotheistic religions do not acknowledge any explanation of man’s existence on Earth other than that he was created by God. Evolutionists do not provide any conclusive proof to support their claims, nor do they accept arguments to abandon their assumptions completely. The California-based Institute for Creation Research founded in 1975 by a group of scientists to bring people to the biblical version of creation. They focus on the much evolution’s inconsistency. They have strong arguments regarding the fossil record and the origin of life. However, they maintain that the Earth is only 10,000 years old at most and not 4.6 billion years, so evolution had no time to develop. This 10,000 years subject came from the literal interpretation of the Old Testament. In Islam, there is no reference in the Quran as to when the Earth came to existence.
Man was created with systems that are similar to other species according to the divine Law of Repetition. When evolutionists closely examine the case of a man and other species that have similar systems to him, they develop comparative anatomy that may rest on logical, but not enough, bases. The existence of some similarity between man and apes cannot be denied. But the resemblance between man and apes was imposed upon all animal and human species because they all share the same environment with all its variations. Thus man and other animals needed similar systems such as:
A Respiratory system to consume oxygen from the common atmosphere.
A Digestive system to ensure feeding from the common Earth
Skeletal and muscular systems to move in the common environment.
A Nervous system to receive information from the common environment.
Eyes and ears to get information from the common environment.
A Urinary system to maintain the chemical composition of the blood.
A Reproductive system to keep their existence on the common Earth.
If one understands the above simple and logical argument, one will clearly be convinced with the creation model. Without these functional similarities, species could not survive in the common environment. Even some of the details of the above systems are similar in different species. For example:
Birds and humans have four chambered hearts.
The number of fingers or toes are five in humans, apes, and rats
The number of neck bones (cervical vertebra) is seven in humans, giraffes, and porcupines.
Chicken, cows and humans have their hearts on the left side.
Birds, mammals and Humans have outside symmetric organs.
The conclusions that can be arrived at will undoubtedly depend to a great extent, not only on the strength of the faith that people possess, but also on their degree of knowledge in the fields involved in the study. In modern time, a scientific background may indeed provide enough reasons to cause people to strengthen their faith in God tremendously. However, there are those who reject the idea of God until they discover an equation that establishes the existence of God, in an attempt to project an image of analytical minds. Another approach may try to compromise between creation and evolution without any substantiating evidences.